What are the Different types of Network Cabling?

Despite the technological advancement, most of the computer networks require cables to move information from one point to another. There are various types of Mississauga network cabling that are used with LANs. In limited cases, one type of cable may be utilized by the whole network while other types of networks will need a variety of cables. The selection of a cable in a network will depend on the network’s size, topology and protocol.

Coaxial Cables

Invented back in in the 1880’s coaxial cables were mainly used to connect home antennas to the television sets. In 1980’s when 10 Mbps was commonly used, thinnet and thicknet were the only available cables.

Coaxial cables contain an inner copper wire of varying thickness with an insulation coat among other shielding. Due to their stiffness, network administrators experienced difficulties in maintaining and installing thicknet and thinnet cables.

Twisted Pair Cables

Since the coaxial cables were proving to be a huge challenge, the twisted pair cables emerged in the 1990s leading to new cabling standard for Ethernet. The original 10 Mbps also known as category 3 was soon followed by 100 Mbps also known as Cat5. Later, higher speed cables of up to 10 Gbps were invented.

Twisted pair cables come with 8 wires that have been wound together in order to reduce electromagnetic interference. This interference is also known as crosstalk – noise generated by adjacent pairs. Whenever current flows through a wire, a circular magnetic field is created. Therefore, the idea of twisting the cables is to cancel this magnetic field.

Apart from Ethernet networks, a twisted-pair cable is widely used in telephone communication. Twisted pair cables come in two major categories – Shielded Twisted Pair (STP) and Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP). Modern day networks use UTP because of their affordable costs.

Fiber Optics

This is a network cable that is made up of glass fiber strands within an insulated casing. Fiber optic cables are specifically designed for high performance in long distance networking. Most of the world’s telephone systems, internet and cable television rely on fiber optics.

Fiber optic cables transmit data by use of light pulses produced by light-emitting diodes or lasers. This type of cable is made up of a single strand of glass – normally thinner than human hair. At the center of this strand is a “core” which provides the way for the light to the light to travel. The core is normally surrounded by a “cladding” which helps in preventing loss of signals through reflection.

Universal Serial Bus (USB) Cables

This is a high performance networking cable. Most of the modern day computers and their peripheral devices come with in-built technology for this particular technology. Creating a USB network is easy; just connect the USB cable to the USB port. Once the connection is done, the device is automatically connected through USB driver software.

USB interfaces are compatible; for instance, a USB 1.1 and USB 2.0 can easily be networked. Where two connections are supporting USB versions, the link will run at the lower version’s speed.

Serial and Parallel Cables

Since most of the computers did not have Ethernet capability in 1980’s and early 1990’s, and USB had not yet been invented, serial and parallel interfaces were used where PC-to-PC was required. For instance, null-model created a connection between two PCs with data transfer rate of 0.115 and 0.45 Mbps.

Crossover Cables

Crossover cables are also known as Null modem cables. A crossover cable is used in joining two similar network devices such as network switches or PCs. Networking crossover cables were mainly used to connect two PCs together.

Crossover cables are similar to one another; the only notable difference is the color wires towards the end of the cable’s connector. This color feature was intentionally added by the manufacturers for the purpose of differentiation.

Does Your Small Business Need A Boost?

Small Businesses in Canada time and again report that their online marketing is one of their biggest struggles. There’s a big difference between getting by and enjoying a business that is exploding. You can be at the top of your game but if your marketing efforts aren’t matching the quality of your work, then chances are your business isn’t reaching it’s full potential. I’ve worked with a lot of small businesses in Canada, and the vast majority of them can fit neatly into one of the following categories.

  1. The Prodigy
    For this example, let’s assume the prodigy is a mechanic but in reality, he could be anything from a dentist, a lawyer to a personal trainer. The prodigy knows his business inside and out. He’s not one to pay a lot of attention to marketing, because he gets by on referrals. When he first started his business the snowball effect was enough to get him excited… one referral turned into two, which turned into five and he thought he was on the fast track to being a millionaire. However at some point his referrals became stagnant. He maxed them out. Is it the down economy? Has he grown too fast, and not providing the same level of service as before? It’s a head scratcher for the prodigy.
  2. The Wiseman.
    The wise man worked his way up through the corporate latter and gained invaluable experience in management and operations. Getting closer to retirement age, he decided it was time to set off on his own and show the world what he was capable of. Why work away at a 9-8 11 hours a day for “the man” when he could be forging his own business? Perhaps he bought into a franchise or started off from scratch, dipped into his retirement savings and went full steam ahead. He’s got everything running smoothly, he just needs more leads. When he gets the leads, he can close them. He has a proven track record of closing them and just as many happy customers to back it up, but the world of online marketing is not something he’s proficient in. Can he continue to bury his head in the sand or is it time for him to reach out and find a better solution for driving more leads.
  3. The Hustler.
    This mover and shaker knows how to get things done. No matter what’s thrown at him, he has the solution to the problem before the problem even arises. The only problem he really has, is that there’s only twenty four hours in a day. He either falls flat on his face trying to do everything by himself or he realizes he can’t do it all. The hustler realizes that just because he could learn how to do something, doesn’t mean the time investment necessary to learn how to do so is worth it. He has a whole business to run after all, so it becomes obvious he needs to outsource some aspects of his business’s operation and that happens to be the online marketing.

Your situation could be a mix of any of the three, or you could fall squarely into one of the above. The bottom line is through out my experience in helping small businesses,  have seen it all and I know how to apply my experience to your specific situation while staying away from cookie cutter solutions. I am very flexible in that I work with a vast network of top tier companies, from Mississauga SEO to Toronto Web Design to Vancouver Adwords Management. I know who to bring to your projects based on my experience working with clients and my experience working with the best of the best in online marketing in Canada.

Mississauga Small Business Help

If you’re tired of juggling and need help expanding your business, my small business coaching and consultation is the solution for you. I will assess your business with a full audit and make the necessary recommendations for what you need to do to take your business to the next level. This includes referrals to the people and companies who can get the jobs done, to full action plans that detail the steps needed to take. If you need ongoing services my small business coaching solution provides exactly that. Get in touch with me today to take your business to the next level.